خوش آمدید

Nabi ﷺ Ke Mutallik Heraclius Ke Sawalat


Abdullah bin Abbas se Abu Sufiyan bin Harb ne ye waqya bayan kiya ki Heraclius (Badshaah Roomi) ne un ke paas Quresh ke qafile mai ek aadmi bulane ko bheja aur us waqt ye log tijarat ke liye mulk e Shaam gaye huye the aur ye woh zamana tha jab RasoolAllah ﷺ ne Quraish aur Abu Sufiyan se ek waqti ahad kiya hua tha. Jab Abu Sufiyan aur dusre log Heraclius ke paas Ilya (Jerusalem) pahuche jaha Heraclius ne darbaar talab kiya tha. Us ke aas paas Roomi ke bade bade log bethe huye the, Heraclius ne unko aur apne tarjuman ko bulaya. Fir unse pucha ke tum mai se kon shaks us shaks ka zyada qaribi aziz hai jo Nubuwat ka dawa kar raha hai? Abu Sufiyan kahte hai ki mai bol utha ki mai uska sab se zyada qaribi rishtedaar hun, (ye sun kar) Heraclius ne hukm diya ke isko (abu sufiyan ko) mere qarib laa kar baithao aur us ke saathiyon ko us ki pith ke piche baitha do, fir apne tarjumaan se kahaa ki un logo se keh do ki mai Abu Sufiyan se us shaks (yani Muhammad ﷺKe) haalat puchta hu, agar ye mujh se kisi baat mai jhoot bol de to tum zahir kar dena. (Abu sufiyan ka qauol hai ki) Khuda ki qasam! Agar mujhe ye ghairat naa aati ke ye log mujh ko jhutlaenge to Mai Aap ﷺ ki nisbat zaroor galat bayani karta.

Pahla sawal jo Heraclius ne mujh se puchi woh yeh ki us shaks ka khandaan tum logo me kaisa hai? Maine kaha: Wo to bade unche aala nasab wala hai.

Usne kaha, Is se pahle bhi kisi ne tum logo me aisi baat kahi thi?
Maine kahaa, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Aacha us ke bado me koi Badshaah hua hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Fir usne kaha, Bade logo ne us ki pairwi ikhteyar ki hai ya kamzoron ne?
Maine kaha, Nahi, Kamzoro ne.
Fir usne kaha, Us ke Tabedaar roz badhte jate hai ya ghat-te jate hai ?
Maine kaha, Badhte.Usne kaha, Kya koi shaks jo uske Deen me dakhil hota hai wo mayus hota hai aur us Deen ko baad me chor deta hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Kya apne is dawa e Nubuwat se pahle kabhi usne jhoot bola hai ?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Kya wo apne wado ko todta hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi. Hamari usse (sulaah ki) ek muqarrrar muddat thehri hui hai malum nahi woh is me kiya karne wala hai. (Abu Sufiyan kahte hai) Mai is mauke ke siwa aur koi mauka nahi paa saka jisme mai uske khilaf kuch bol saku.
Heraclius ne pucha, Kya Tumhari usse kabhi ladaii (jung) hui hai?
Maine kahaa, Haan. Bola fir Tumhari aur us ki jung ka kya haal hota hai? Maine kaha, Kabhi woh hamse (maidan e jung) jeet lete hai aur kabhi ham un se jeet lete hai.
Heraclius ne pucha, Woh tumhe kis baat ka hukm deta hai?
Maine kaha, Woh kahta hai ki Sirf ek Allah ki ibadat karo, uska kisi ko sharik na banao aur apne Aaba wa ajdaad ki saari baate chhor do. Wo hame namaz padhne, sach bolne, parhez gaari aur ristedaro ke sath sila rahmi karne ka hukm deta hai .
(Ye sab sun kar) Fir Heraclius ne apne tarjumaan se kaha ke Abu Sufiyan se keh do ki maine tumse uska nasab pucha to tumne kahaa ki woh ham me Aala Nasab wala hai aur paigambar Apni Qaum me aala nasab hi bheje jaya karte hai.

Maine tum se pucha ki (dawa e nabuwat ki) ye baat tumhare andar usse pahle kisi aur ne bhi kahi thi, to tumne jawab diya ki nahi. Tab maine (apne dil mai) kaha ki agar ye baat usse pahle kisi ne kahi hoti to mai samjhta ki us sakhs ne bhi usi baat ki taqleed ki hai jo pahle ki jaa chuki hai.

Maine Tumse pucha ki uske bado me koi Badsaah bhi guzra hai toh tumne kahaa, Nahi. Toh maine (dil mai) kaha ki unke Buzurgon mai se koi badsaah hua hoga to kah dunga ki woh sakhs apne aaba wa ajdaad ki badshahat aur un ka mulk (dobara) hasil karna chahta hai.

Aur maine Tumse pucha ki us baat ke kahne (yani peghambari ka dawa karne) se pahle tum ne kabhi uspar Jhut ka ilzaam lagaya hai? Tumne kahaa nahi, toh maine samjh liya ki jo sakhs aadmiyon ke saath jhoot se bache woh Allah ke baare mai kaise jhooti baat kah sakta hai.

Aur Maine tumse pucha ki bade log uski tabedaar hote hai ya kamzor log, toh Tumne kaha kamzoro ne uski itteba ki hai, toh (dar asal) yahi log paigmbaro ke mutb’bain hote hai.

Aur maine tumse pucha ki us ke saathi badh rahe hai ya kam ho rahe hai, Tumne kaha ke badh rahe hai, aur hatta ke sacchi imaan ki kaifiyat yahi hoti hai hatta ki woh kamil ho jata hai.

Aur maine tum se pucha kya koi shakhs us ke Deen se naa-khush ho kar murtad bhi ho jata hai. Tumne kahaa nahi, toh imaan ki khasiyat bhi yahi hoti hai ke iski chashni jab Dil me sama jati hai to fir nikalti nahi.

Aur maine Tum se pucha ki kya woh kabhi wada khilafi karte hai, Tum ne kahaa nahi. Paigambar ka yahi haal hota hai woh ahad ke khilaf warzi nahi karte.

Aur maine Tumse kaha ki woh tum se kis cheez ke liye kahte hai, Tum ne kaha woh hame hukm dete hai ki Allah ki ibadat karo, us ke saath kisi ko sharik naa thairao aur tumhe buton ki parashtish (ibadat) se rokte hai, sach bolne aur parhezgaari ka hukm dete hai, lihaza agar ye baate jo tum kah rahe ho sach hain to anqarib woh is jagaah ka malik ho jayega ki jahan mere ye dono qadam hai. Mujhe malum tha ke woh (Paigambar) aane wala hai magar mujhe ye malum nahi tha ki woh tumhare andar ka hoga. Agar mai janta ki us tak pahuch sakunga to us se milne ke liye har taklif gawara karta agar mai uske paas hota to uske pao dhota. Heraclius ne fir RasoolAllah ﷺ ka woh khat mangwaya jo Aap ne Dihya radi allahu anh ke zariye Hakim e Basra ke paas bheja tha aur us ne woh Heraclius ke paas bhej diya tha.

Fir usko padha to us mai (likha tha ), “Allah ke naam ke saath jo nihayat maherban aur raham karne wala hai, Allah ke bande aur us ke paigambar Muhammad RasoolAllah ﷺ ki taraf se ye khat hai saah room ke liye us sakhs par salam ho jo hidayat ki pairwi kare. Iske baad mai aap ke saamne dawat e Islam pesh karta hu agar aap Islam le aayenge to (din o duniya mai) salamati nasib hogi. Allah aapko dohra sawab dega aur agar aap (meri dawat se) inkar karenge to aap apne Kisano (peasants) ko gumrah karne ke sabab gunahgaar aap hi honge. (Aur mai apko Allah ka kalaam sunata hu)

“Aye ahle kitab! Ek aisi baat par aa jaao jo hamare aur tumhare darmiyan aiksan hai woh ye ki ham Allah ke siwa kisi ki ibadat na kare aur kisi ko uska shareek na tharayen aur na ham mai se koi kisi ko Allah ke siva apna Rab banaye. Fir agar woh ahle kitab (is baat se) muh fer len to (muslmano!) Tum un se keh do ki (tum mano ya na mano) ham Musalman hai.” (3:64).

Abu Sufiyan kahte hai Jab Heraclius ne jo kuch kahna tha kah diya aur khat padh kar farig hua, to us ke ird gird bhut shor o ghul hua. Bohut si awaze uthi aur hame bahar nikal diya gaya. Tab maine apne saathiyon se kaha ki Abu Kabsah ke bete (RasoolAllah ﷺ ) ki mashoriyat to bohut badh gaya hai. (Dekho to) Is se bani Ashraf (Rome) ka Badsaah bhi dar gaya hai. Mujhe us waqt se is baat ka yakeen ho gaya ki Aap ﷺ anqarib galib ho kar rahenge hatta ki Allah ne mujhe musalman kar diya. (Raawi ka bayan hai ki) Ibn An-Natur Ilya ka hakim Heraclius ka musahib aur Shaam ke Nasara ka sardar tha. Ibn An-Natur bayan karte hai ki Heraclius jab Ilya aaya ek din subha ko pareshan utha to us ke darbariyon ne daryaft kiya ki aaj ham aap ki halat badli hui paate hai (kya wajah hai ).

Ibn An-Natur ka bayan hai ki Heraclius najumi tha, ilm e Nujum me woh puri maharat rakhta tha usne apne ham nashino ko bataya ki mene aaj raat sitaron par nazar dali to dekha ki khatna karne walo ka badsaah hamare Mulk par galib aa gaya hai, (bhala) is zamane mai kon log khatna karte hai ? Unhone kahaa Yahood ke siwa koi khatna nahi karta. So unki wajah se pareshan na hon. Saltanat me ke tamam shahron mai ye hukm likha bhejen ki wahaa jitne Yahood ho sab qatl kar diye jaye. Woh log in hi baaton mai mashgul the ki Heraclius ke paas ek aadmi laya gaya jise Ghassan ke badshah ne bheja tha. Us ne ke halat bayan kiye jab Heraclius ne (sare halat) sun liye to kaha ki jaa kar dekho woh khatna kiye huye hai ya nahi ? Unhone ise dekha to bataya ki woh khatna kiye hua hai. Heraclius ne jab us saks se Arab ke bare mai pucha to us ne bataya ki woh khatna karte hai tab harkul ne kaha ki ye hi (RasoolAllah ﷺ) us ummat ke badsaah hai jo paida ho chuke hai fir usne apne ek dost ko Romiya khat likha aur wo bhi ilm e Nujum mai Heraclius ki tarah maahir tha, fir waha se Heraclius Homs chala gaya abhi Hams se nikla nahi tha ki uske dost ka khat (us ke jawab mai) aa gaya us ki rai bhi RasoolAllah ﷺ ke zahoor ke baare mai Heraclius ke mu’aafik thi ke RasoolAllah ﷺ (waqayi) paigambar hai. Is ke baad Heraclius ne Room ke bade aadmiyon ko apne Homs ke mahal mai talab kiya aur us ke hukm se mahal ke darwaze band kar liye gaye fir woh (apne khaas mahal se ) bahar aaya aur kaha, “Aye Room walon! Kya hidayat aur kamyabi me kuch hissa tumhare liye bhi hai? Agar tum apni saltnat ki bachana chahte ho to fir us Nabi ki bai’at kar lo aur Muslman ho jao.” (Ye sunna tha ki ) fir woh log wehshi ghadon ki tarah darwazo ki traf dodhe (magar) unhe band paya, aakhir jab Heraclius ne unki ye nafrat dekhi aur unke imaan lane se mayus ho gaya to kahne laga ki in logo ko mere paas laao (jab woh do bara aaye) to un se kaha maine jo baat kahi thi us se tumhari Deeni pukhtgi ki aazmaish maqsood thi so woh maine dekh li. Tab (ye sun kar) woh sab ke sab us ke samne sajde me gir pade aur us se khush ho gaye. Aur ye Heraclius ki kahani ka khatam tha. 

Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 7.

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