خوش آمدید

Zakat Al Fitr Ke Mutallik Kuch Sawalaat


1۝. Sawal:  Mujh par kitni zakat nikalna zaruri hai ? Mere paas Bank me taqreeban 1500 Dinaar hai.

Sab se pahle ye zaruri hai ke zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) Jo ke Ramzan ke aakhir me hota Hai,aur Mali-Zakat main farq Hai; Fitrana har Musalman par wajib Hai,aur ise unlogon ki taraf se ada karne padenge Jin ka naan wa nafqa iske zimme hai, aur ye Eid ke din ya Eid ki raat (chand raat) me apni aur ahal-khana (Family) ki zaruriyaat se faazil hone wale anaaj me se har fard ki taraf se aik saa Diya jayega.

Chunanche Fitrana wajib hone ke liye makhsus maal jama hone ya is par saal guzarne ki shart nahi lagai jati, jaise ke maal ( sone,chandi,naqdi) ki zakat me lagayi jati Hai.

Is tarah Fitrane ka kisi shakhs ki milkiyat me moujud jayedaad, ya rupya Paisa ke sath koi taaluq nahi hai, kyunki insan Fitrana apni taraf se ya jinka kharcha iske zimme hai sirf uski taraf se ada krta Hai.

2۝. Sawal: Mai kis kis ki taraf se zakat-ul-fitr ada karunga, kya apne walid sahab ki taraf se bhi ada karunga ?

Aapke sawal ke mutabiq Aap apni taraf se, biwi, bete, aur walid ke pass maal ki adam moujudgi me unki taraf se bhi Fitrana ada karenge.

Jab ke is baat par sab ka Ijmaa hai ke shikam e madar (Jo bachha pet me hai; foetus ) me moujud bachche ki taraf se fitrana wajib nahi hai, lekin agar phir bhi Ap shikam e madar me moujud bachche ki taraf se bhi ada kar den to is me koi harj nahi.

3۝. Kya yeh mumkin hai ke zakat naqdi ki shakal me na ho, balke mai naqdi se ek janwar lekar inke darmiyaan taqseem kardoon ?

Fitrane ke liye Aap apne ilaqe me aam taur wale Anaaj aur khaye jane wala Anaaj dein.

Chunanche Shaikh Abdul Aziz bin Baaz rahimullah kahte Hai:

"Sahih al Bukhari aur Sahih Muslim me Abu saied khudri Raziallahu anhu be se marwi hai ke wo kahte hai ke: "Hum Nabi ﷺ ke zamane me (ta'aam) khane ka aik saa, ya khajuron ka aik saa, ya Jao ka aik saa, ya kishmish ka aik saa (fitrane me) dete the"

Bohot se ahle ilm me Hadith me mazkur "ta'aam" se muraad har wo cheez li hai jise kisi bhi ilaqe ke log batour khurak (us ilake ka aam khurak) istemaal karte hon, chahe gandum ho, ya makai ho, ya baajra, ya koi aur cheez, "ta'aam" ka yahi maani durust Hai.
Kyunki Fitrana ameer logon ka gharib tabqe me sath izhare hamdardi Hai, aur kisi bhi musalman par ye wajib nahi hai ke izhare hamdardi gair-ilaqi giza se kare." End quote

Shaikh Ibn e Taymiyya rahimullah aur Shaikh Uthaymeen rahimullah wagaira ne bhi isi maani ko pasand kiya hai.

Chunanche isse malum hota hai ke Fitrana aam ghizai ajnaas se ada kiya jayega, naqdi ki shakal me nahi diya jayega. Jaise ke sawal me zikr kiya gaya hai,is liye fitrane ke liye naqdi ka koi mutbadal (uske badle) bhi nahi diya ja sakta.

Chahe zakat ul Fitr (fitrana) ho, ya Maali zakat, zakat ada karne wale ka ye haq nahi banta ke apni zakat me man-maniyaa karte hue Fuqra (jise zakat diya ja raha hai) ke liye khud hi kharidariyan shuru kar de, aur is se ghosht, kapde,ya digar zaruriyaat ki ashya kharid le.

4۝. Sawal: Zakat ul Fitr kin ko di jasakti hai? Kya mai apne ek dusre Mulk me muqeem ahel khana ko bhi bhej sakta hoon, kyunki inke halaath wahan kuch zyada mushkil hai.

Zarurat ke waqt fitrana ya zakat apne mulk me rishtedaron ke pass bhi bheja ja sakta hai, is me koi harj nahi, balke Fitrana Mulk se bahar bhejna is waqt mazeed zaruri ho jata hai jis waqt jis mulk me log mazduri ki garz se jaye aur wahan ke logon ki aksiriyat aasudah aur khushaal ho, jab ke khud iske apne mulk ke log bhook payas aur tangi me moujud ho.

Aur inme se aksar log apne mulk me moujud fuqra ke bare me achchi tarah jante hai, aur Jahan mazduri ka mouqa mila hai yahan ke gharib logon ka ilm nahi hota.

Zakat ke muntaqali is waqt mazid zour pakad jati Hai jab mulazimat wale mulq se zakat apne asli mulq me iske rishtedaron aur azeez wa aqarib me taqsim ki jani ho.

5۝. Sawal: Kya zakat-ul-Fitr Eid se do hafte qabal ada karna jayez hai, taake inki sahih tarah madad hosake?  Zakat-ul-Fitr miqdaar kitni hogi?

Ramzan ke aakhri din ka Suraj ghurub hone se fitrana wajib ho jata hai, aur ise eid ki namaz se qabal ada karna zaruri hota hai, taham zaruriyaat ke bina par do teen din pahle bhi ada kiya ja sakta hai.

Chunanche mazkurah Bala bayan ke baad: Eid se aik ya do hafte qabal fitrana ada karna jayez nahi hai.

Lekin agar aapko andesha ho ke fitrana Eid ke waqt tak nahi pahunch payega to aap itna pahle bhej sakte hai ke asani se matluba jagah pahunch jaye, chahe ramzan se pahle hi kyun na bhejna pade, Ap is ke liye kisi motamad (معتمد; Trustworthy) shakhs ko zimmedari sounp den, ke woh ap ke fitrane ki raqam se anaaj kharid le, aur muqararah waqt se pahle iski adayegi mat karen.

Aur maali zakat jaise ke pahle bhi guzar chuka hai ke Ramzan ya Gair-Ramzan se iska koi taluq nahi hai, balke jab bhi nisab tak Maal pahunch jaye, aur is par saal bhi guzar Jaye to iski zakat nikalna wajib ho jayega.

Aur agar ek saal hone me abhi ek maah se kam wa besh muddat baqi ho, aur sahab e maal zakat dena chahe to iske liye apne maal ki advance zakat dena jayez hai, bashartiya ke advance zakat ada karne ki zarurat bhi ho.

6۝. Sawaal: Kya mai meri zaati car, gharelu samaan, biwi ka zaati zewar ki bhi zakat ada karun, jaise ke mere walid sahab ne mere bhaiyou ko kaha hai ke nifs makan ki registration mere naam karwana chahate hai.

Naqdi paison me zakat ki farziyat ke liye do sharton ka paya Jana zaruri hai.

1- Maal nisab Taj pahunchta ho

2 - Nisab par aik saal bhi guzar chuka ho.

Chunanche agar maal nisab se kam hai to is par zakat wajib nahi hogi.

Lehaza jab maal nisab tak pahunch jaye, aur nisab tak pahunchne ke baad is par ek hijri saal bhi guzar Jaye to is waqt zakt wajib hogi.

Aur isme se zakat ke liye 2.5% (dhai fisad) Diya jayega.

Aur apke zaati istemaal me aane wali car, aur rehaish par kisi qisam ki zakat nahi Hai.

Aur aapke walid mohtaram apni milkiyat mai se khuch bhi apke naam register karwa sakte hai, isme koi harh nahi. Haan agar aapke walid ke aapke alawah bhi bete hai to inhe nazar andaaz karte hue sirf aapko dena jayez nahi hai, balke sab ke darmayaan adal karte hue barabari ki bunyaad par sab ko dena zaruri hai.

Aur agar aapke Bhai aapke liye walid ki taraf se karwai Jane wali registration par baghair kisi jhijhak aur jabar ke razi hain, to aapke walid ke liye inki raza mandi se aapke naam kisi bhi cheez likhwa dene me koi harj nahi mai.

Wallahu alam

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Allah ham sab ko Deen sikhne aur sikhane ki taufeek de. aameen.

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