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Aqeeqah


Aqeeqah ke ahkaam aur masail.


Alhamdulillah..

Bachha paida hone ke 7 din (days) baad jo Janwar zibah kiya jaye use Aqeeqah kaha jaata hai. Zamaana-e -Jahiliyat me Arab ke yahan ye ma'roof cheez thi. Al-Maawardi kahte hai, "Raha Aqeeqah toh wilaadat ke waqt janwar zibah karne ko Aqeeqa kahte hain. Aur ye cheez Nabi e Kareem ﷺ ki wilaadat se qabl bhi pai jati thi."

Dekhein Al-Haawi al-Kabeer, 15/126.

Nabi e Kareem ﷺ ke sahih ahadees me Aqeeqeh ki mashruiyat sabit hai. Jin maise chand ahadees niche bayan ki gai hain:

Hazrat Buraydah r.a. bayaan karte hain ke Daur e Jaahiliyat me jab hamare yahan kisi ko bachha paida hota to wo 1 bakra zibah karke uska khoon bachhe ke sir (head) par malta aur jab Allah ta'ala ne hame Islam ata kiya, Toh ham Bakra zibah karte aur bachhe ka sir (head) mundwaate aur bachhe ke sir (head) par zaafraan (saffron) malte the.

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2843; classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

Zaafraan ek kism ki khushbu hai.

2. Salmaan Bin Amir r.a. bayaan karte hai ke Nabi e Kareem ﷺ ne farmaya, "Bachha paida hone ke saath Aqeeqah hai. To tum iski jaanib se khoon bahaao aur iski gandagi door karo."

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, Hadith- 5154.

Bachha (boy) paida ho to iske janib se Do (2) aur agar bachhi (girl) paida ho to uski jaanib se 1 Bakra ya Bakri zibah karna mashroo hai. Jaisa ke sahih aur sareeh dalail is baat par dalalat karti hai.

Ammi Ayesha r.a. bayaan karti hain ke Rasool e kareem ﷺ ne unhe bachhe (boy) ke jaanib se 2 aur bachhi (girl) ki janib se 1 bakri zibah karne ka hukm diya.

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1513, who said it is hasan saheeh; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

3. Umme Kurz r.a. bayaan karti hain ke unhone Nabi e Kareem ﷺ se Aqeeqah ke talluk se daryaaft kiya, Toh Aap ﷺ ne farmaya, "Bachhe (boy) ki janib se Do (2) Bakriyan aur bachhi (girl) ki janib se Ek (1) Bakri aur (RasoolAllah ) isme koi nuksan nahi ke wo bakra ho ya bakri.

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1516, who said this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth; and by al-Nasaa’i, 4217; classed as Hasan Saheeh by Imam Tirmidhi and Saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 4/391.

Ye Hadees Aqeeqah me bachhe (boy) aur bachhi (girl) ke darmiyaan farq me tafseel wazeh karti hai. Aur sath me is hadees se ye bhi pata chala ki Aqeeqeh ke talluq se Bakra aur Bakri me koi fark nahi yaani chahe Bakra ho ya Bakri Aqeeqah dono par jayz hai.

Allama Ibn Qayyim rh ne bachha aur bachhi ki is tafseel ki taleel bayan karte hue kaha hai:

"Aur yeh sharai qaydah hai ke Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta'ala ne bachhe (boy) aur bachhi (girl) ke darmiyaan farq rakha hai aur bachhi (girl) ko wiraasat aur deeyat (blood money) aur gawaahi aur aazaadi aur Aqeeqah me nisf (aadha;half) rakha hai." End quote.

Zaad al-Ma’aad, 2/331.

Ibn Qayyim rh farmate hai :

"Aqeeqeh ke fawaid (fayda;benefit) me ye bhi shaamil hai ke yeh Qurbani hai jiske zariye se bachhe ki dunya me amad ke baad sabse pahle (us bachhe ko) Allah ka qurb hasil karaya jata hai.

Aur iske fawaid me ye bhi shaamil hai ke Yeh bachhe ko girwi hone se chutkara aur aazadi dilaata hai, kyuke bachha Aqiqah ke sath girwi rakha hua hai hatta ke Aqiqah kar ke use aazad karaya jaye.

Aur iske fawaid me ye bhi shaamil hai ke : Yeh (Aqiqah) Fidya hai jo bachhe ke liye ada kiya jata hai jis tarha Allah subhanahu wa tala ne Ismail a.s. ke fidye me Mendha (Ram) diya tha"

Dekhein Tuhfat al-Mawdood, p. 69.

Aqeeqe ka sabse behtareen aur afzal waqt wilaadat ke saatwe roz (7th day) hai, Kyunki RasoolAllah ﷺ ka farmaan hai, "Har Bachha apne Aqeeqeh ke saath girwi rakha hua hai, iski janib se saatwe roz zibah kiya jaye aur iske sar (head) mundwaye jaye aur naam rakha jaye."

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2838; classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. 

Aur agar saatwe roz se taakheer bhi ho jaye to is me koi harj nahi. Jab bhi Musalmaan Aqeeqah karne ki istita'at rakhe to ise Aqeeqah karna chahiye.

Wallahu Aalam.

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