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Wo Gareeb Jo Zakat Ke Mustahiq Ho


Alhamdulillah..

۞ Pahli Baat:

Allah ne Quran e kareem me unka zikr kiya hai jinhe Zakat diya ja sakta hai:

Sadaqa (Zakat) to darasal fakeero aur miskeeno ke liye hai aur un (zakat) ke wusul karne walo ke liye jo is (sadaqat ke) kaam par muqarrar hai aur unke liye jinka dil rakhna matlub hai, aur gulam aur laundiyo ko aazaad karne ke liye aur karzdaro ke karz utarne ke liye aur Allah ke raste me aur musafir ki imdaad me, ye ek fareeza hai Allah ki taraf se, aur Allah ilm wala, hikmat wala hai.

Surah Tawbah, Ayat-60.

Gareeb wo hai jiski koi aamdani (income) na ho, ya jiski aamdani toh ho lekin wo unki zarurato ke liye kaafi na ho.

Aur ye waqt, jagah aur khandan (family) ke hisab se mukhtalif hoti hai. Lekin kuch log aese hote hai jin par sab log muttafik hai ki wo zakaat ke mustahiq hai kyuki unki aamdani boht kam hai.

Fuqaha kahte hai: Gareeb, jo zakat ka mustahiq ho wo hai jo itna nahi kama sakta ki khud ki aur apne khandan (family) ki zarurate puri kar sake.

Agar koi shaks tankhwah paata hai, to hame uske salana (annual) aamdani ko dekhna hoga aur ye dekhna hoga ki uski salana zarurate kitne (rupyo) ki hai. Misaal ke taur par agar wo saal bhar me Paanch hazaar rupye kama raha hai lekin usko apni aur apne ghar walo ki zarurate puri karne ke liye Das hazaar saal ke chahiye toh wo gareeb aur zaruratmand hai kyuki jitni usko zarurat hai uske mutabik uske pas sirf aadhi kamayi hi hai.

Dekhe: al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (2/672).

Isi tarha agar usko zarurat hai 6000 ki lekin wo sirf 5000 kama raha hai, tab bhi wo zakat ka mustahiq hai.

Ye bhi ho sakta hai ki uske aur uske family ki zarurato ke liye kafi (kamayi) hai lekin wo karzdaar hai aur wo karz ko ada karne ki haisiyat me nahi hai. To use utni zakat de deni chaiye jisse wo karz ada kar sake.

Ya fir ye ho sakta hai ki uske liye khana-pine aur rahne ke liye kaafi ho lekin uske pas shadi karni ke liye itni rakam (money) na ho toh use bhi zakat diya ja sakta jitne paise se wo shady kar sake.

۞ Dusri Baat:

Agar koi ek Nau-Muslim (new-muslim) ho aur wo qaid-khane (Jail) me ho toh isko bhi zakat di ja sakti hai agar wo gareeb ho ya karzdar ho.

Agar uske pas (zarurat ya zarurat se zyada) kamayi ka zarya ho fir bhi use zakat di ja sakti hai, agar usko ye zakat dena uske dil ko mayil (attract) kare aur uske eeman ko mazbut kare aur use Islam me sabit-qadam bana de, khususan agar wo aham ya mashhoor ho apne logo me aur usse (zakat dene se) jo log uske sath me ho unke dil ko mayil karne ka sabab bane. Allah ne zakat ka ek hissa unlogo ko diya hai jinke dil Islam ki taraf mayil hai.

۞ Teesri Baat:

Iski ijazat hai ki zakat se kisi gareeb ke bills jiski adayegi karni baaki ho ada kar diye jaye [to give charity to pay utility bills that are due] kyuki zakat ki gunjaish kafi wasee hai [charity is broad in scope].

Iski bhi ijazat hai ki kisi ke bills ki adayegi kar di jaye agar wo ise ada na kar sakta ho kyuki bills ada na kar paane ka matlab ye hai ki wo karzdaar hai.

۞ Chauthi Baat:

Koshish kare ki zakat ki rakam un tak pohche jinhe iski sabse zyada zarurat hai aur jo sabse zyada iske mustahiq ho.

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