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Hajj Arafah Hai - Tafseer ibn Kaseer

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Allah s.w.t. farmate hai,

“Tum Par Apne Rab Ka Fazl Talaash Karne Me Koi Gunaah Nahi, Jab Tum Arafah Se Lauto Mash’ar Haraam Ke Paas Zikr Ilaahi Karo Aur Us Ka Zikr Karo Jaise Ke Us Ne Tumhe Hidayat Di, Halaan Ke Tum Is Se Pahle Raah Bhule Hue The”.

Surah Baqara, Ayat-198.

۞ Imam ibn Kaseer kahte hai,

“Arafah ek jagah hai jahan par Hajj ke dauran khada hua jata hai aur ye Hajj ke rasam ki ek bunyadi rukn hai. Iske himayat me ek sahih hadees hai jo Imam Ahmad aur deegar sunan ke jama karne wale raawiyo ne Thawri, Bukayr ibn Ataa aur Abd al-Rahman ibn Yamar al-Dayli se riwayat hai jinhone kaha ki unhone Allah ke Rasool ﷺ se ye baat suni ki “Hajj Arafah hai”. Aap ﷺ ne teen dafa isko farmaya. 

Toh jo suraj nikalne se pahle Arafah pahunch gaya to isne goya Hajj ko paa liya. Aur mina ke teen (3) din hain, lekin jisne jaldi kar ke do (2) din me chhod diya, uspar koi gunah nahi, aur jisne intezar kiya, uspar bhi koi gunah nahi.

Aur Arafah me thaherne ka waqt Arafah ke din dopahar ke baad se lekar dusre din tulu e Fajr tak hai, jo qurbani ka din hain.
Ye isliye kyuki Nabi ﷺ  hajjatul wida ke dauraan, zuhr ki namaz ada karne ke baad sooraj ghuroob hone tak Arafah par khade rahe the aur farmaya ki 'Mujhse ye tareeqe/rasm/rukn seekhlo'.”

Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Surah Baqara, Ayat-198.

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'Aye Eeman Walo' Ka Matlab

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۞ Imam Ibn Kaseer kahte hai:

“Ibn Masood aur salaf ke dusre ulema kahte hai ki Jab tum ye suno ki Allah Quran me  "يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ [Aye Eeman waalo]" kah rahe ho, toh fir use pure dhyan se suno, kyuki isse ya to Allah koi khair ka hukm de raha hota hai ya fir kisi burai se rok raha hota hai.”

Tafseer Ibn Kaseer, Surah al-Baqarah (2), Ayat- 23.

۞ Shaikh Ibn al-Uthaymeen kahte hai:

“Aye logo jo eman laye ho - ye alfaaz is baat ki nishandehi karti hai ke Allah ke diye gaye (kisi bhi) hukm ko pure yaqeen ke sath us par amal karna eeman ka aham hissa hai.

Isi tarah is chiz ki taraf bhi ishara hai ki Allah ke hukm ki mukhalifat ya usme shak ya iska inkaar karna iman se firne ke barabar hai- ya fir puri taur se ya takmeeli taur par (matlab iski badaulat insaan ke eeman me khalal pad sakta hai, ya iman ko khone ka khadsha hai).

Teesra, is me hausla-afzaai aur kashish hai unlogo ke liye jinka zikr ho raha hai, ke (khud) Allah paak usse farma rahe hain ke (aye bande), agar eeman ka sachha hai, to sun aur amal pairo hoja.”

Tafseer of Surah al-Maaidah (5), Ayat- 90 by Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen.

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Ahle Ilm Ki Galti Par Shaykh Saalih al Munajjid (Islamqa.info) Ka Rawayya


Jaise ke Pichle articles me hamne Quran, sunnat aur salaf ke aqwaal se bataya tha ki kisi ahle ilm ke galti par usko zero se multiply kar dena sahih nahi hai aur ye amal hamare Deen ke taaleemaat ke bhi khilaf hai.

Ab is article me ham ek mashoor website Islamqa.info ke Supervisor, Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid ke zarye ye baat ap logo ke saamne rakhnenge ki wo bhi kisi ahle ilm ki galti par use zero se multiply kar dene ke qayil nahi hai balki wo unki achhi baato ko lete hai aur galat baato ko chor dete hai.

Ek Ahle Ilm hai jinka naam Ibn Rushd hai jinko 'Averroes' ke naam se bhi jana jata hai. Shaykh Saalih al Munajjid inke bareme kahte hai,


“Ibn Rushd ke aqeedah par ek lambi bahes hui hai, aur boht si kitabe inke support me aur boht si kitabe inke khilaf me, dono likhi ja chuki hai. Inke asal Aqidah aur nazaryaat me boht zyada shak wa shubah hai.”


Aur ye kahne ke baad Shaykh Saalih, Ibn Rushd ki galtiyo par roshni daalte hai aur wo batate hai ki Shaykh ibn Taymiyya ne bhi inke nazarye ka radd kiya hai.

Ab inke aqeede aur nazarya ke galti ke bawujud Shaykh Salih al Munajjid inhe zero se multiply nahi karte hai balki jab wo kisi raaye par ahle ilm ke qawl ko nakal karte hai to wo ibn Rushd ko bhi ahle ilmo me shumaar karte hai jab ki wo khud upar ke fatwe me inke aqeedah aur nazaryaat ki galti ko gina chuke hai. Ab ham Shaykh Saalih al Munajjid ke un saare fatawo ka link pesh karte hai jin fatwo me unhone bade ehtaraam ke sath Ibn Rushd ki raaye ki madad li hai:











Isi tarha unke aur articles me bhi Ibn Rushd ka zikr hai aur unki raaye ko daleel banayi gai hai.

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Zul Hijjah Ke Das Dino Ki Fazilat

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Allah paak ka irshad hai:

"Qasm hai Fajr ki , aur Das Raato ki".

Surah al Fajr (89), Ayat- 1-2.

Allah paak inki qasam khate hain, Aur Allah paak ka kisi cheez ke baare me qasam khana, uski ahmiyat aur uske azeem fayde ki nishandehi karta hai. 

۩ Imam ibn Kaseer is ayat ki tafseer me kahte hai,

“Ibn `Abbas, Ibn Zubayr, Mujahid aur salaf maise dusre log aur baad ke deegar logo ke mutabiq ye Zul-Hijjah ke pahle das roz ke baare me irshad hua hai.”

Tafseer ibn Kaseer, Surah al Fajr (89), Ayat- 1-2.

۩ Abdullah ibn Abbas r.a. bayan karte hain ke Rasool ﷺ ne farmaya: “In Ayam (yani Zill Hijja) ke alawa koi aur Ayyam aise nahi jin mein kiye gaye amal-e-saliha Allah Tala ko zyada mahboob ho. Sahaba ne arz kiya, Kya Allah ke liye Jihad karna bhi nahi?
Rasool ﷺ ne farmaya: Naa hi Allah ke liye kiya gaya Jihad, haan siwaye wo shaks jo apna maal aur jaan lekar Jang par nikle aur isme se kuch wapis na laye.”

Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Eidain, Hadees no. 969.

۩ Abdullah ibn Umar r.a. se riwayat hai RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya, “Allah subhanahu wa tala ke nazdeek koi amal itna mahboob aur ba-azmat nahi jitna wo amal hai jo in das dino ( yani Zul Hijja ke pahle 10 din) mein kiya jaye , isliye tum in das dino mein zyada se zyada Tahleel (La ilaha illAllah) Takbeer ( Allahu AKbar) , aur tamheed (Alhamdulilah) padha karo.”

Musnad Imam Ahmad, 7/224. Ahmad Shaakir ne ise sahih karar diya hai.

۩ Ibn e Abbaas r.a. riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya: “Allah ke nigaah me koi bhi amal itna zyada mahboob nahi na hi sawab me itna zyada hai jo achha amal Qurbani (Zul Hijja) ke das dino me kiya jaye. Aap ﷺ se pucha gaya, Kya Allah ke liye Jihad karna bhi nahi?
Rasool ﷺ ne farmaya: Naa hi Allah ke liye kiya gaya Jihad, haan siwaye wo shaks jo apna maal aur jaan lekar Jang par nikle aur isme se kuch wapis na laye.”

Reported by al-Daarimi, 1/357; its isnaad is hasan as stated in al-Irwaa’, 3/398.

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Alim Ki Galti Karne Ki Ek Wajah

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Allaamah Abdur-Rahmaan Bin Yahyah Al-Mu’allimee r.h. kahte hai:

“Aur ye baat jaan lo ki Allah kuch mukhlis (sincere) logo se galtiya karwata hai dusre logo ke imtehan ke liye ki wo (log) haqiqat ko manenge aur us (mukhlis) shaks ki baat ko chor denge ya fir us nek shaks ki neki aur uske muqam se dhoka kha jayenge. Wo (nek shaks) apni galti par sirf muaf hi nahi kar diya jata hai balki use is ijtihad ke liye aur nek niyat ke wajah se sawab bhi milta hai aur na hi us (alim) ke rutbe ya izzat me koi kami hoti hai. Albatta jo shaks us (alim) ke rutbe ke dhoke me aakar unki pairwi karta hai bina Allah ki kitab aur RasoolAllah ﷺ ki sunnat ke asal dalail ke taraf mutawajje hue bagair, uske liye muafi nahi hai balki wo ek bade khatre (danger) par hai.”

Raf’ul Ish-tibaah, page 152-153. [download arabic pdf]

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