خوش آمدید

Paida Hue Bachhe Ke Kaan Me Azaan Dena


Ulema e Karaam ne bachhe ke kaan me Azaan dene ko sunnat kaha hai, taa keh jab duniya me wo aye aur uske kaan khule to sabse pahle wo Tawheed ke kalime ko sune aur iska boht hi azeem aur Mubarak asar padega in shaa Allah. Lekin baaye kaan me iqamat kahne ka koi subut nahi hai, naa hi Kitab wa Sunnat se aur na hi Ijma e Ummat se. [Dekhe Silsilat al-Da’eefah, 1/491].

Aaiye iski Tafseel dekhte hai,

Paida hue Bacche ke kaan me Azaan ke talluq se ek hadith milti hai: 

۩ Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi riwayat karte hai, ki unke walid ne kaha, "Mai ne RasoolAllah ﷺ ko dekha ki Hasan r.a. jab Fatimah r.a. se paida hue toh Aap ﷺ ne Hasan ke kaan me Namaz ki Azaan ki tarah Azaan di."

Jamia Tirmidhi, The Book on Sacrifices, Hadith- 1514.

Lekin is hadith ke bareme hamare Muhaddiseen me ikhtilaf hai.

۞ Jin Muhaddiseen ne is hadith ko qubul kiya:

۩ Imam Tirmidhi Ne Kaha :- Hasan : [Sunan Tirmidhi, 1514].

۩ Imam Nawawi Ne Kaha :- Sahih : [Majmu, 8/434].

۞ Jin Muhaddiseen ne is hadith ko qubul nahi kiya:

۩ Mubarakpuri kahte hai:- Zaif : [Tuhfatul Awadh 4/455].

۩ Sheikh Zubair Ali Zai Kahte hai:- Isnaad Zaif : [Mishkaat al Masaabih, 2/614].

Aur agar aksar Muhaddiseen ki baat ki jaye to hamare aksar muhaddiseen ne is riwayat ko qubul nahi kiya kyuki isme ek raawi hai jiska naam A’sim Bin O’baidAllah hai aur is raawi ko hamare aksar Muhaddiseen ne zaif kaha hai.

Aur isi liye, aesi koi sahih hadith maujud nahi hai jisse hamko is amal ki taaleem milti hai. Kuch ahle ilm ka kahna hai ki ye amal Umar bin Abdul Azeez aur Ibn Al-Munthir aur kuch salaf ne kiya tha.

Lekin Hadith Ke Na Hone Ke Bawujud Ummat Ka Ijmah Hai Ki Paida Hue Bachhe Ke Kaan Me Azaan Dena Mustahab Amal Hai.

۩ Imam Tirmizi farmate hai, 

“Aur is Par Amal Hai”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi, The Book on Sacrifices, Hadith- 1514.

Yaani Bacche ke Kaan me Azaan dene par unke zamane ke Musalmano ka aur unse pahle Musalmano ka Amal tha.

۩ Imam Suyuti farmate hai, "Is Amal (Bacche ke Kaan me Azaan Dena) par Talqi bil Qubool (Ijmah) hasil hai agarche hadith ki sanad sahih nahi hai."

Tadreeb Ar-raawi, 1/66.

۩ Sheikh Zubair Ali Zai kahte hai: "Is (Hadith me) A’sim Bin O’baidAllah zaif hai aur iska zauf (kamzori) Jamhoor ke nazdeek mashhoor hai. (Lekin) Paida hone wale bachhe ke kaan me Azaan dena Sahih hai (aur) bagair kisi ikhtilaf ke sab is par amal karte rahe hai. Shariyat ke is amal par ulema e Islam ka Ijma hai aur ye Tirmizi me bhi hai."

Mishkatul Masabih, Volume-2, Page-614, Footnote no. 3. [scan].

۩ Imam Muslim Farmate hai,

"Ek Musalman is dunya me azaan aur iqamat ke sath aata hai aur wo is dunya se jata hai namaz aur duao ke sath [Janazah ki namaz aur uske baad ki dua]. Namaz e janaza me na hi Azaan hoti hai aur na hi iqamat jiski boht gahri ahmiyat hai. Iska matlab ye hai ki Namaz e Janazah ki Azaan aur Iqamat paidaish ke waqt hi kah diya jata hai."

Sahih Muslim, comments of Imam Muslim after the heading of the book kitab al Jana’iz (Book of Funeral prayer).

Lekin ye baat dhyan rakhe ki Bachhe ke kaan me iqamat kahna naa hi Hadith se sabit hai aur na hi Ummat ke Ijma se. Jo Ek hadith milti hai Bacche ke Kaan me iqamat ke silsile me use Sheikh Albani ne Silsilatul Ahaadeeth Ad-Da’eefah #321 aur Al-‘Irwaa’ #1174, me zaif karar diya hai.

Lihaza Bachhe ke kaan me Azaan dena ek behtar Amal hai.

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Kafir Ko Kiraye Par Ghar Dena


Imaam al-Sarkhasi r.h. farmate hai,

"Is me koi harj nahi ke Musalman apna ghar kisi kafir ko kiraye par rahne ke liye de. Agar wo is ghar me sharab pita hai ya Saleeb (cross) ki ibadat karta hai ya ghar me khinzeer (pork) laaye to iska gunah ghar ke malik, musalman shaks ko nahi hoga kyuki us ne ghar use isliye nahi diya tha aur iska gunah kiraye-dar ko hoga jo ye amal kare kyuki wo makaan-malik ke niyat ke bagair ye (amal) karta hai, isliye makaan-malik par iska koi gunah nahi hoga."

Al-Mabsoot, 16/39.

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Kya Fitranah Ki Adaegi Karte Waqt Koi Dua Hai ?


Alhamdulillah..

Hamare Ilm ke mutabik to koi aesi dua nahi jo fitranah ada karte waqt ki jaye.

Aur Allah ta'la hi taufeek bakhsne wala hai.

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Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas
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Zakat al Fitr Kise Ada Kiya Jaye ?


Fitrana gareeb Musalmano ko diya jayega chahe woh (sakht) gunahgaar hi kyu na ho jab tak ke uska wo gunah use Islam se kharij na karta ho.
(Fitrah ke talluq se) Gareeb se murad wo hoga jo zahiri halat se gareeb dikhe chahe wo asal me maaldaar hi kyu na ho.  

Fitrana dene wale ko chahiye ke wo apni istetat ke mutabik acche (nek) gareeb logo ko talash karne ki koshish kare jis had tak mumkin ho sake, aur agar fitrana lene ke baad ye zahir ho jaye ke wo maal-daar tha to isse (Fitrana) dene wale (ke neki) par koi fark nahi padega balke wo apne faraez se ada ho gaya hai.

Aur Allah hi taufeek dene wala hai.

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Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas.
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Rishtedaro Par Kharch Karne Ka Hukm


Sawal:

Mere waalid ki tankhwah (salary) das hazaar (10000) riyal hai jis me se hum bohat hi kam kharch karte hain aur baki meri walida jama kar leti hai is liye ke meri bahen ki abhi tak shadi nahi hui aur ham bhi abhi padhai se farig nahi hue hai, meri dadi bagair khawand ke mere ek chacha ke sath dada jaan ke ghar meri fufiyon (un maise do ne to shadi  hi nahi ki aur ek bagair khawind ke hai) ke sath rahti hain, aur woh hamari tarha achi bhali zindagi basar kar rahi hai.
Lekin is ke bawujud walid sahab un ki mahana muawnat karte hain (giving monthly allowance) aur unhe kharcha wagaira dete hain, aur walid sahab ka khet (farmland) bhi ek chacha ke control me hai jis ki aamdani woh khud hi istemal karte hain.
To mai ye janna chahtahon ke mere waalid sahib par kitna kuch wajib hai ke woh mahina kharch unhe de, ap ke ilm me hona chahiye ke woh sab achi bhali zindagi basar kar rahe aur in ke sab bhai aur behene zewraat aur makan ke bhi maalik hain.

Alhmdulillah..

Rishtedaro par kharch karne ki do (2) kisme  hain :

۞ Pahli Qism:

Jise 'umoodi' ya upar wala nasab kaha jata hai aur is mein aaba wa ajdad, chahe jitne bhi upar ke kyun na ho aur is tarha aulaad, chahe woh jitne bhi neeche ki janib hi kyun na hon shamil hote hain [aba wa ajdad yaani, maa-baap, dada-dadi, par-dada par-dadi aur isi tarha; aulad yaani beta-beti, pota-poti aur isi tarha], to in par do (2) sharton  ke sath kharch karna wajib (farz) hai :

۩ Pahli shart: Un maise jis par bhi kharch kiya ja raha woh gareeb ho aur unke pas kuch (kamaai ka zarya) na ho ya fir jo kuch un ke paas hai woh unke liye kaafi nahi aur na hi wo kamane ki qudrat ya taaqat rakhte ho .

۩ Dusri shart: Kharch karne wala khud maali taqat rakhta ho aur is ke paas apni aur apne biwi-bachho ki zarurat se zyada ho.

۩ Teesri shart: Deen ek ho (yaani sab musalman ho)

۞ Dusri Qism:

Aaba wa ajdaad aur beta-beti ko chor kar [jo upar bayan kiya gaya hai] baaki tamam rishtedar. In par kharch karna tabhi wajib hoga jab upar ke teen shart ke sath niche bataya gaya chautha shart bhi pura ho:

۩ Chauthi shart: Jis par kharch kiya ja raha hai us par kharch karne wala waris ho ya fir (kanuni taur pe) uska waris banna mumkin ho.

To is bina par agar ap ke chacha aur walid agar kharch karne ki istetaat aur taqat rakhte hai toh in sab ka ap ki dadi par kharch karna wajib hai.

Lekin ap ahsaan ke masle ko na bhule aur fir kareebi rishtedar par sadqa karna to dohre ajar ka baa'is hai isliye ke is mein ek to sila rahmi hai aur dusra sadaqa. Aur Ap Allah ta'la ka ye farmaan bhi yaad rakhen:

"Aur tum jo kuch bhi kharch karte ho Allah taala is ka badla tumhe deta hai aur woh sab se behtar aur achha rozi dene wala hai."

Surah Saba, Ayat-39.

Lihaza kareebi (rishtedar) par kharch karna aur fir khaas kar waalid par kharch karna to sab se bada rozi ke husool ka sabab hai aur baa'is e barkat bhi hai aur iske sath sath Allah ta'la apni janib se ajr wa sawaab se nawaazta hai .

Aur raha mas'ala kharch karne ki miqdaar ke baare mein toh is ke baare me hum guzarish karenge ke yeh kharch karne wale ki hasb istetaat wa qudrat aur jis par kharch kiya ja raha hai is ki zarurat ke mutabiq hai .

Allah subhana wa ta'la ka farman hai :

"(Aye Muhammad) Wo Aap se puchte hai ke wo kya kharch kare? Aap kah dijiye ke jo maal tum kharch karo wo maa baap ke liye hai, aur rishtedaro aur yateemo aur miskeeno aur musafiro ke liye hai aur tum jo kuch bhalayi karoge Allah ko us ka Ilm hai."

Surah Baqarah, Ayat-215.

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