اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

8 Sep 2019

Ashura ki Namaz


 Sawal 

Hamare muashre me kuch log 10 Muharram ko Ashura ki namaz padhte hai. Kya aesi koi namaz hamare deen me hai? Maherbani farma kar is mauzu par roshni daale.

 Jawab 

Alhamdulillah..

Maah e Muharram bahut hi azeem aur ba-barkat maheena hai. Ye maheena hijri saal ka pahla aur hurmat waale maheeno me se ek hai, jin ke baare me Allah taala ka farmaan hai:

'Haqeeqat yeh hai ke mahino ki tadaad jab se Allah ne aasmaan o zameen ko paida kiya hai, Allah ki kitab me baara (12) hi hai, aur in me se chaar hurmat waale (mahine) hai. Yahi thik zaabta hai lihaza in chaar (4) mahino me apne upar zulm na karo.'

Surah Tawba ﴾9﴿, ayat- 36.

Jaha tak ashure ki namaz ki baat hai toh hamare deen me aesi koi namaz nahi hai jo kitab ya sunnat me maujud ho. Ashure ki namaz aesi namaz hai jise na Rasoolullah ﷺ ne padhi, na hi kisi sahabi ne aur na hi hamare chaar imam ne. Lihaza ye deen me nayi baat shamil karna hai. Aur Deen me nayi baat shamil karna gumrahi hai jo jahannam me le jati hai.

۩ Ayesha r.a. riwayat karti hai ki Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya,

'Jisne hamare is deen me kuch aisi baat shamil ki jo usme se nai hai toh wo amal mardud hai.'

Sahih al bukhari, book of peacemaking ﴾53﴿, hadees- 2697.

۩ Jabir bin Abdullah r.a. riwayat karte hai ki Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya,

'.. Sabse behtareen tareeqa Muhammad ﷺ ke tareeqa hai. Sabse badtareen kaam (Deen me) nayi-nayi baato ka paida karna hai, aur har biddat gumrahi hai.'

Sunan ibn majah, kitab as sunnah (muqaddamah), hadees- 45. Ise darussalaam ne sahih karaar diya hai.

Lihaza hame deen me nayi baat shamil karne aur us par amal karne se rukna chahiye aur wapis sunnat ke raaste par chalna chahiye.

Kuch log kah sakte hai ki namaz hi toh padhte hai, koi galat kaam thodi hai ki ye gunah hoga. Toh iske jawab me guzarish hai ki Allah aur uske Rasool ki nafarmani bhi toh gunah hai, chahe wo zahiri taur par sawaab ka kaam lage.

Misaal ke taur par Magrib ki farz rakat 3 hai. Ab koi kahe ki mai 1 rakat zyada padhna chahta hu 4 rakat, aur fir kahe namaz hi toh zyada padhi gai hai koi gunah ka kaam thodi kiya gaya hai. Ji ye bilkul gunah hai kyuki Apne Allah ke Rasool ke khilaf kaam kiya hai, unhone 3 padhne ko kaha tha aur ap 4 padh rahe hai. Ap ko namaz padhne ke liye gunah nahi milega lekin Rasool ke hukm ke khilaf kaam karne ka gunah milega.

۩ Sa'id Ibn al Musayyib r.h. (Tabaeen) ne ek shaks ko suraj tulu hone ke baad do rakat se zyada padhte hue dekha, sajda aur ruko me izafa karte hue, toh unhone use mana kiya ye karne se. Us shaks ne jawab diya: 'Aye Aba Muhammad, kya Allah mujhe namaz padhne ke liye saza dega? Unhone kaha: 'nahi, Lekin Wo Tumhe Sunnat Se Ikhtilaf Karne Ke Liye Saza Dega'.

Sunan al kubra, 2/466.

۩ Sahl bin Sa'd r.a. riwayat karte hai ke Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya,

'(Qayamat ke din) Mere kuch saathi hauz e kausar par mere saamne laaye jayenge aur mai unhe pahchan lunga lekin fir woh mere samne se hata diye jayenge. Mai is par kahunga ki yeh toh mere saathi hai. Lekin mujh se kaha jayega ke Aap ko maloom nahi ke unhone aap ke baad kya kya nayi cheeze ijaad kar li thi.
Is par mai kahunga ke dur ho woh shakhs jis ne mere baad deen me tabdeeli kar li thi.'

Sahih al bukhari, kitab ur-riqaaq, ﴾81﴿, hadees- 6582, 6584.

Mazeed dalail ke liye ye article padhe: https://www.iqrakitab.com/2017/12/biddat.html

Lihaza hame chahiye ki ham sunnat se muhabbat kare aur biddat yaani gair-nabi ke tarike se parhej kare taaki ham qayamat ke din Rasoolullah ﷺ ki sifarish ke haq-daar ho sake.

Allah se dua hai ki wo hame sirat e mustaqeem ata kare. aameen.

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Related: Ashura Ka Roza
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23 Aug 2019

Mufti ki Sifaat | Imam Ahmad

en 
 Sawal 

Jo shakhs fatwe dene ke liye khud ko tayyaar karna chahta ho toh us me kaun si sifaat ka hona zaruri hai?

 Jawab 

Alhamdulillah..

Hafiz Ibn Qayyim r.h. kahte hai,

Abu Abdullah ibn Battah ne apni kitab Al-Khala' me naqal kiya hai ki Imam Ahmad r.h. ne kaha,

Kisi bhi shakhs ko fatawa dene ke mansab par qayam nahi hona chahiye jab tak ke us (shaks) me paanch sifaat na ho,

۩1. Us ki niyat honi chahiye, agar us ki niyat hi nahi toh fir na toh us par noor hai aur na hi us ke kalaam par noor hoga .

۩2. Us ke paas Ilm, sabr, waqaar aur sakeenat ho.

۩3. Use Ilm par mazbut girift honi chahiye.

۩4. Uski shakshiyat mazbut honi chahiye aur logo ki tanqeed us par asar-andaaz nahi honi chahiye.

۩5. Use logo ki maarfat (pahchan) honi chahiye.

A’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een, 4/153.

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Ye Imam Ahmad r.h. (tabe-tabaeen) ka qawl hai. Is se hame unke Ilm aur unki shakshiyat ka ilm hota hai. Allah unhe Jannat me buland darja ata kare aur unke ilm se ham sab ko fayda uthane ki taufeek ata kare. aameen.
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4 Aug 2019

Zul Hijjah ki Takbeerat ka Waqt Aur Alfaaz

 en   ur   hi
۞ Takbeerat ke Alfaaz

Ulema e karaam ke in Takbeerat ke alfaz ke mutallik ikhtilaf hai,

1. Pahli raaye ke mutabik Takbeer ke alfaz:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillaahi’l-hamd.

2. Dusri raaye ke mutabik Takbeer ke alfaz:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillaahi’l-hamd.

3. Teesri raaye ke mutabik Takbeer ke alfaz:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillaahi’l-hamd.

(In teen maise) koi bhi alfaaz takbeerat ke liye ap kah sakte hai kyunke Nabi ﷺ se takbeerat ki koi khaas alfaz riwayat nahi hai.

۞ Takbeerat ka Waqt

Takbeerat ki Do kisme hai:

1. Kisi bhi waqt ki Takbeer: Yaani jin ke liye koi khaas waqt muqarrar nahi hai, balke har waqt, subah wa shaam, namazo se pahle aur baad me, kisi bhi lamhe kahi ja sakti hai.

2. Khaas waqt ki Takbeer: Yaani woh Takbeerat jo sirf namazo ke baad kahi jati hai.

Chunanche kisi bhi waqt ki takbeer Zul hijja ke pahle 10 din, aur ayyaam e tashreek ke dauraan kisi bhi waqt kahi ja sakti hai, jiska waqt Zul hijjah ki shuruat hi se shuru ho jayega (yaani, Zul Qadah ke aakhri din suraj gurub hone ke baad waqt shuru ho jayega) aur ayyaam e tashreek ke aakhir tak jaari rahega (yaan, 13 Zul hijjah ke din suraj guroob hone tak).

Jab ke khaas waqt ki takbeerat  ka waqt Arfah ke din fajr se shuru hokar aakhri yaum e tashreek ke aakhri din suraj gurub hone tak rahta hai.

Is dauraan kisi bhi waqt ki takbeer bhi kahi jayengi. Chunanche jis waqt Imam farz namaz se salaam fer kar teen baar 'AstaghfiruAllah' kahne ke baad, 'Allahumma anta al-salaam wa minka al-salaam, tabaarakta yaa za’l-jalaali wa’l-ikraam' kah le toh takbeerat  kahega.

Yeh Hajj na karne waale ke liye hai, rahi baat Hajj karne waalo ki toh wo Yaum un nahar [10 Zul hijjah] ki zohar se shuru karenge.

Aur Allah sabse behtar janta hai.

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source: Islamqa.info
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2 Aug 2019

Gumrahi Se Bachne Ki Dua


۩ Dua 1

ٱهْدِنَا ٱلصِّرَ‌ٰطَ ٱلْمُسْتَقِيمَ - صِرَ‌ٰطَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ ٱلْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا ٱلضَّآلِّينَ 

Ihdinas sirata al mustaqeem. Siratallazeena an amta alayhim, ghayril maghdoobi alayhim waladdalleen

(Aye Hamare Rab) Hame Seedhi Raah dikha. Un Logo Ki Raah Jin Par Tu Ne Inaaam Kiya, Un Ki Nahi Jin Par Gazab Kiya Gaya Aur Na Gumraho Ki.

Surah Fatiha ﴾1﴿, ayat- 6-7.

۩ Dua 2

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْوَهَّابُ

Rabbana la tuzigh quloobana baadaa iz hadaytana wahab lana min ladunka rahmatan innaka antal wah'haab.

Aye Hamare Rab! Hame Hidayat Dene Ke Baad Hamare Dil Tedhe Na Karde Aur Hame Apne Paas Se Rahmat Ata Farma, Yaqinan Tu Hi Sab Kuch Dene Wala Hai.

Surah aal e Imran ﴾3﴿, ayat- 8.

۩ Dua 3

 أَعُوذُ بِٱللَّهِ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلْجَـٰهِلِينَ

Aoozu billahi an aqoona minal jaahileen

Mai Jahilo Maise Hone Se Allah Ki Panaah Maangta Hu.

Surah Baqarah ﴾2﴿, ayat- 67.

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Kya Al-Albani Ne Bukhari Aur Muslim ki Kuch Hadeeso ko Zaif Kaha Hai?


 Sawal 

Asslamu alaikum sir. Kya ye baat sach hai ki Shaykh Albani ne Sahih al Bukhari aur Sahih Muslim ki kuch hadeeso ko zaif karaar diya hai?

 Jawab 

Alhamdulillah..

Ye baat bilkul sahih hai ki Shaykh Albani r.h. ne Sahih al Bukhari aur Sahih Muslim ki kuch hadeeso ko zaif karaar diya hai.

۩ Shaykh Albani farmate hai:

"جهل بعض الناشئين الذي يتعصبون لـ " صحيح البخاري "، وكذا لـ " صحيح مسلم " تعصبا أعمى ، ويقطعون بأن كل ما فيهما صحيح"-

“Baaz nawjawan log jo shiddat-pasandi se Sahih al Bukhari aur isi tarha Saheeh Muslim par jan-nisar (devoted) hai wo Be-Ilm (ignorant) hai aur wo zid par ade hai ki unme sab kuch sahih hai...”

Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah (no. 2540). 

۩ Shaykh Albani farmate hai:

لكن في أثناء البحث العلمي تمر معي بعض الأحاديث في الصحيحين أو في أحدهما ، فينكشف لي أن هناك بعض الأحاديث الضعيفة! لكن من كان في ريب مما أحكم أنا على بعض الأحاديث فليعد إلى " فتح الباري" فسيجد هناك أشياء كثيرة وكثيرة جداً ينتقدها الحافظ أحمد ابن حجر العسقلاني " انتهى من " فتاوى الشيخ الألباني-

“... Lekin mere taaleemi tahkeek ke dauran maine Saheehayn (Bukhari aur Muslim) me kuch hadeese paayi, ya do maise ek, aur mujhe ahsaas hua ki unme kuch hadeese zaif hai! Lekin (in) chand hadeeso ke bareme jise bhi mujh par shak ho toh use chahiye ki wo Fath al Bari ka mutalla kare jaha par use boht si chize pata chalengi jinki tanqeed al-Hafiz Ahmad ibn Hajar al Asqalaani (author) ne ki hai.”[alfaz khatm]

Fataawa ash-Shaykh al-Albaani (safa- 565).

۩ Shaykh Albani ke is raaye par Shaykh Saleh al Munajjid kahte hai:

“Khulasa yahi hua ki Shaykh Albani ne waqai me Saheehayn (Bukhari aur Muslim) ki kuch hadeeso ko zaif karaar diya hai.”


۩ Shaykh Albani ke is raaye par Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai kahte hai:

“Shaykh Albani ne Sahih Muslim ki tees (30) se zyada Hadeeso ko zaif karaar diya hai. Aur Shaykh Albani marte-marte Sahih al Bukhari ki kayi hadeeso ko zaif karaar dekar gaye hai. Aur ye Shaykh Albani ki Manhaj ki galti hai, unki manhaj ki khami hai.”

[ye unke jawab ka khulasa hai]


Lekin ham Shaykh Albani ki is raaye se ikhtilaf karte hai. Aur hamara manna hai ki Sahih al Bukhari aur Sahih Muslim ki tamaam hadeese sahih hai, jaise ki jamhoor Muhaddiseen ki raaye hai.

Shaykh Albani ki raaye se is baat ki bhi tashdeek hoti hai ki Jamhoor ki raaye se ikhtilaf kiya ja sakta hai agar hame koi baat Quran, sunnat ya usool e deen ke lihaj se thik na lage, jaisa ke Shaykh Albani ko bhi pata tha ki Jamhoor Muhaddiseen Sahih al Bukhari aur Sahih Muslim ki saari hadeeso ko sahih kahte hai lekin iske bawujud unhone is chiz par jamhoor se ikhilaf kiya.

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27 Jul 2019

Nabi ﷺ Ki Aulaad

 Sawal 

Nabi ﷺ ke kitni bete-betiya aur kis biwi se thi?

 Jawab 

Alhamdulillah..

Nabi ﷺ ki aulaad me bete aur betiya jin me sab se pahle 'Qaasim' the jo ke bachpan me hi faut ho gaye the, aur ye bhi kaha jata hai ke woh sawari par sawaar hone ki umar tak zinda rahe, un ke baad Zainab r.a. hai aur ye bhi kaha jata hai ke yeh Qaasim se badi thi.

Fir un ke baad Ruqayyah, Umme Kulsoom aur Fatimah hai, aur har ek ke baare me kaha gaya hai ke wo apni dusri baheno se badi thi.

Ibn Abbas r.a. se bayan kiya gaya hai ke Ruqayyah r.a. teeno se badi thi, aur Umme Kulsoom r.a. sab se choti thi.

Fir Nabi ﷺ ke yaha Abdullah r.a. ki paidaish hui, aur is me ikhtilaf hai ke aaya woh Nubuwat se pahle paida hue ya ke woh baad az nabuwat, aur baaz ne ise sahih karaar diya ke woh Nubuwat ke baad paida hue.

Aur is me bhi ikhtilaf hai ke aaya Abdullah hi Taaahir aur Tayyib hai ya ke woh dono dusri aulad hai. Is me do qawl hain, aur sahih yahi hai ke yeh dono Abdullah ke laqab hai. wa Allaho aalam.

Aur ye sab ke sab Khadija r.a. ki aulaad hai, aur kisi dusri biwi se Nabi ﷺ ka koi bachha paida nahi hua, fir Nabi ﷺ ke yaha un ki laundi Maariyah al-Qibtiyyah se aathwi hijri me Ibraheem paida hue.

Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/103.

Toh is tarha sahih yeh hai ke Nabi ﷺ ki aulaad ki tadaad saat hai jin me teen bete aur chaar betiya thi. Beto ke naam ye hai:

1. Qaasim

2. Abdullah

3. Ibraheem

Betiyo ke naam ye hai:

1. Zaynab

2. Ruqayyah

3. Umme Kulsoom

4. Fatimah

Nabi ﷺ ki beti Fatimah r.a. ke alawa baaki saari aulaad Nabi ki zindagi me hi faut ho gaye the, sirf Fatimah r.a. Nabi ﷺ ke baad faut hui.

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26 Jul 2019

Ahle Bait Kaun Hai?


Alhamdulillah..

Allah ki kitab aur Rasoolullah ki sunnat me in logo ko ahle bait me shumaar kiya gaya hai:

1. Nabi ﷺ Ki Biwiya Aur Unke Aulaad
2. Hasan, Hussain, Fatimah, Ali
3. Aal e Ali, Aal e Aqeel, Aal e Jafar, Aal e Abbas (Banu Haashim ibn Abd Manaaf)
4. Upar Zikr Karda Logo Ke Gulam
5. Jinhe Nabi ﷺ Ne Khud Ahle Bait Karaar Diya Ho.

۞ Nabi ﷺ Ki Biwiya Aur Unke Aulaad

۩ Allah ﷻ farmate hai,

'Aur apne gharo me qaraar se raho aur pichle jaahiliyat ke zamaane ki tarah apne banaao ka izhaar na karo aur Namaz ada karti raho aur Zakat deti raho aur Allah aur us ke Rasool ki itaat guzaari karo. Allah yahi chahta hai ke aye ahle bait (Nabi ki ghar waaliyo) Tum se woh (har tarah ki) napaki ko dur kar de aur tumhe khoob paak kar de.'

Surah Ahzaab ﴾33﴿, ayat-33.

Aur ek dusri ayat me Ibraheem a.s. ki biwi 'Sarah' ko farishte kahte hai,

'Farishto ne kaha, kya tum Allah taala ki qudrat se tajjub kar rahi ho? Aye ahle bait (ghal wali) tum par Allah taala ki rahmat aur us ki barkat nazil hui, aur yaqeenan Allah nihayat qaabil e taareef aur badi shaan wala hai.'

Surah Hood ﴾11﴿, ayat- 73.

۞ Hasan, Hussain, Fatimah, Ali

۩ Ayesha r.a. riwayat karti hai ki,

“Rasoolullah ﷺ subah ko nikle aur Aap ﷺ ek chaadar oodhe hue the jis par kajaawo ki surate ya haandiyo ki surate bani hue thi. Itne me Hasan r.a. aaye to Aap ﷺ ne un ko us chaadar ke andar kar liya. Fir Hussain r.a. aaye toh un ko bhi us me daakhil kar liya. Fir Fatimah r.a. aayi toh un ko bhi unhi ke saath shamil kar liya fir Ali r.a. aaye toh un ko bhi shamil kar ke farmaaya ke,

 'Allah chahta hai ke tum se na-paaki ko dur kare aur tum ko paak kare aye ahle bait (ghar waalo).' (surah ahzaab, ayat- 33).” 

Sahih Muslim, kitab fazail e ashaab raziAllaho tala anhum ﴾44﴿, hadees-  6261.

۞  Aal e Ali, Aal e Aqeel, Aal e Jafar, Aal e Abbas (Banu Haashim ibn Abd Manaaf)

۩ Zaid bin Arqam r.a. riwayat karte hai ki Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya,

Mai tum me do bhaari cheeze chhore jata hu. Pahle toh Allah ki kitab hai aur is me hidayat hai aur isme noor hai. Toh Allah ki kitaab ko pakde raho aur is ke paband raho. Gharz ke Aap ﷺ ne Allah ki kitab ki taraf raghbat dilayi.

Fir farmaya ke dusri cheez mere ahle bait hai. Mai tumhe apne ahle bait ke (faraiz ke) bare me yaad dilaata hu.

Hussain ne kaha ke aye Zaid! Aap ﷺ ke ahle bait kaun hai, kya Aap ﷺ ki biwiya ahle bait nahi hai? Zaid r.a. ne kaha ke biwiya bhi ahle bait me daakhil hai lekin (yaha) ahle bait se murad wo hai jin par zakat haraam hai. Hussain ne kaha ke woh kaun log hai?

Zaid r.a. ne kaha ke woh aal e Ali, aal e Aqeel, aal e Jafar aur aal e Abbas hai. Hussain ne kaha ke in sab par zakat haraam hai? Zaid r.a. ne kaha ke Haan!

Sahih Muslim, kitab fazail e ashaab raziAllaho tala anhum ﴾44﴿, hadees- 6225.

۞ Upar Zikr Karda Logo Ke Gulam

۩ Ihn Abi Rafi apne walid se riwayat karte hai ki

Rasoolullah ﷺ ne Banu Makhzum ke ek shakhs ko sadaqa jama karne ke liye muqarrar farmaya, toh Abu Rafi ne bhi un ke sath jana chaha, toh Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaya,

'Sadaqah hamare liye halaal nahi hai, logo ke gulam ka bhi inhi me se shumaar hota hai.'

Sunan Nasai, kitab al zakat ﴾23﴿, hadees- 2612. Ise darussalam ne sahih karaar diya hai.

۞ Ek Ikhtilaf

Hamare ahle ilm me ikhtilaf hai ki Banu’l-Muttalib ahle bait me shumar hote hai ya nahi. Imam Shafi aur Imam Ahmad ki ye raaye hai ki ye ahle bait me shumar hote hai jab ki Imam Abu Hanifa aur Imam Malik ki ye raaye hai ki ye ahle bait me shumar nahi hote hai. Aur Allah sabse behtar janta hai.

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