اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق

12 Apr 2019

Jannat Itni Sasti Nahi Hai


Allah farmate hai,

Ya fir kya tum yeh gumaan kiye baithe ho ke Jannat me yunhi chale jaoge halanke ab tak tum par wo haalaat nahi aaye jo tum se pichle logo par aaye the.

Unpar sakhtiya guzri, museebate aayi, hila maare gaye, hatta ke waqt ka Rasool aur uske saathi ahle eeman cheekh utthey ke Allah ki madad kab aayegi, us waqt unhe tasalli di gayi ke haa Allah ki madad qareeb hai.

Surah Baqarah ﴾2﴿, ayat-214.

Hamare muashre me ek galat fehmi hai ki kyuki ham RasoolAllah ﷺ ke ummati hai, toh hame har haal me baksh diya jayega. Aesa nahi hai jaise hamne gumaan kar liya hai. Aaiye is mauzu ko Islam ke teesre khalifa ki seerat ki roshni me jante hai, Usman e gani r.a. ki seerat ki roshni me.

۩ Hani' (Usman r.a. ke aazaad karda gulam) kahte hai,
“Usman r.a. jab kisi kabristan par thaherte toh itna rote ke Ap ki daadhi bheeg jati, un se kisi ne kaha ke jab Ap ke saamne Jannat o Jahannum ka zikr kiya jata hai toh nahi rote hai aur kabr ko dekh kar is qadar ro rahe hai?
Toh (Usman r.a. ne) kaha ke RasoolAllah ﷺ ne irshad farmaya hai, 'Aakhirat ki manzil me se kabr pahli manzil hai, so agar kisi ne kabr ke aazaab se nijaat paayi toh us ke baad ke marahil aasan honge aur agar jise azaab e qabr se nijaat nah mil saki toh is ke baad ke manazil (muqaam) sakht tar honge'.”

Usmaan r.a. ne mazeed kaha ke RasoolAllah ﷺ ne irshad farmaya, “Ghabrahat aur sakhti ke aitebaar se kabr ki tarha kisi aur manzar ko nahi dekha'.”

Jamia Tirmizi, kitab al Zuhd ﴾36﴿, hadees- 2308. Imam Tirmizi ise Hasan gareeb karaar dete hai.

Toh ye aalam hai Usman r.a. ke Takwe ka jab ki yahi wo sahabi hai jinhe teen baar RasoolAllah ﷺ se Jannat ki basharat mili hai (Bukhari, 2778; Sunan Nasai, 3638, hasan).

SubhanAllah! teen baar Jannat ki basharat milne ke bawujud bhi ek shaks kabr ke aazaab se itna dar raha hai. Aur ham logo ko toh ek baar bhi Jannat ki basharat nahi mili hai, fir bhi hamlogo ne kitni baar Allah ke khauf se apni dadhi tar ki hai ya apne aankh me aasu bhare hai.

Balki hamare muashre me isse ulti surat zarur paayi jati hai ki ham khud ko Jannati firqe me shumar karne lage hai, yaani hamara gumaan ye hai ki ham us groh me se hai jo Jannat me jayegi. Allahu akbar kitna bada daawa hai ye, ek taraf sahabi e Rasool hai jinko teen baar jannat ki bashrat mili hai aur fir bhi wo Allah ke khauf se ro rahe hai aur ek ajkal ke log hai jo bina basharat ke hi apne apko Jannati karaar dete hai. Ye iske alawa kuch nahi ki shaitan ne aese logo ko dhoke me daal rakha hai. Allama Iqbal kahte hai,
“Yeh Shadat Gahe Ulfat Me Qadam Rakhna Hai..  
Log Aasaan Samjhte Hai Musalman Hona!”
Ham dua karte hai ki Allah hamare gunaho ko darguzar kare aur hame apni rahmat ke saaye me jagah ata kare.

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Ashra Mubashra


Alhamdulillah..

Wo 10 (das) log jinhe RasoolAllah ﷺ ne Jannat ki basharat di thi wo Aap ke ashaab maise hai. Iska zikr ek saheeh hadees me hai jise Abdur Rahman bin Awf r.a. ne riwayat kiya hai:

۩ Abdur Rahman bin Awf r.a. riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya,

Abu Bakr jannati hai, Umar jannati hai, Usman jannati hai, Ali jannati hai, Talha jannati hai, Zubair jannati hai, Abdur Rahman bin Awf jannati hai, Sa'd bin abi Waqqas jannati hai, Sa'eed jannati hai, and Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah jannati hai.”

Jamia Tirmizi, kitab al Manaqib ﴾49﴿, hadees- 3747. Ise Darussalaam ne sahih karaar diya hai.

Dusre ashaab e Rasool bhi hai jinhe Jannat ki basharat mili hai, jaise Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid, Abdullaah ibn Salaam, Ukaashah ibn Muhsan, wagaira. Lekin upar ke 10 sahaba ko Ashra Mubashra isliye kaha jata hai kyuki in tamaam sahaba ko ek hi hadees me Jannat ki basharat mili hai. Aur Allah sabse behtar janta hai.

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10 Apr 2019

Tahajjud Padhne Ke Liye Sona Zaruri (shart) Nahi


Sawaal: Kya Tahajjud padhne ke liye sona zaruri hai, yaani kya sona shart hai?

Alhamdulillah..

Hamare muashre me ye galat-fahmi hai ki tahajjud ki namaz padhne ke liye sona zaruri hai. Kitab ya Sunnat me aesi koi baat hame nahi milti hai. Albatta tahajjud ki namaz ko raat ke aakhri hisse me padhna afzal zarur hai kyuki us waqt farishte is namaz ka mushahidah karte hai. Lekin jisko dar hai ki wo raat ke aakhri hisse me na uth sakega toh use sone se pahle hi ye namaz padh lena chahiye.

۩ Jabir r.a. riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya, “Jise dar ho ke wo raat ke aakhiri hisse me nahi uth sakega, wo raat ke shuru me witr padh le. 
Aur jise ummeed ho ki wo raat ke aakhir me uth jayega, wo raat ke aakhri me witr padhe kyuke raat ke aakhri hisse ki namaz ka mushahidah kiya jata hai (is witnessed) aur yeh afzal hai.”

Sahih Muslim, kitab salat ul musafireen ﴾6﴿, hadees- 1766.

Note: Witr aur Tahajjud ek hi namaz ke do naam hai, (daleel ke liye ye article padhe). Toh is article me agar witr ka zikr hoga toh isse muraad tahajjud namaz ko bhi liya jayega.

۞ Aaiye dekhte hai ki is hadees par sahaba e karaam ne kis tarha amal kar ke dikhaya:

۩ Jabir bin Abdullah r.a. ne kaha, “RasoolaAllah ﷺ ne Abu Bakr r.a. se pucha, 'Tum witr kab padhte ho?' Unhone kaha, 'Shuru raat me, isha ke baad'.
Aap ﷺ pucha, 'Tum aye Umar'!
Unhone kaha, 'Raat ke aakhri hisse me',
Tab Nabi ﷺ ne farmaya, 'Aye Abu Bakr! tum ne mazbut kada (handhold) pakda hai (yaani ahtiyaat ka raasta apnaya hai). Aur aye Umar! tumne taaqat zabt karli hai (yaani tumne us kaam ko pakda hai jisme taaqat ki zarurat hai).'”

Sunan ibn Majah, kitab iqamatis salaat wa sunnati feeha ﴾5﴿, hadees- 1202.

۩ Abu Hurairah r.a. riwayat karte hai, “Mujhe mere azeez dost (Nabi kareem ﷺ) ne teen cheezo ki wasiyat ki hai aur mai in chizo ko maut se pahle nahi chorunga, har maheene me teen din roze, chasht ki namaz aur witr padh kar sona.”

Sahih al Bukhari, kitab al Tahajjud ﴾19﴿, hadees- 1178. Hasan (Darussalaam).

۩ Imam Nawawi farmate hai,

“Aur yahi sahih hai, aur baaqi mutlaq ahadees ko is sahih aur sareeh afzaliyat par mahmool (is hadees par amal) kiya jayega, un me ye hadees bhi hai, 'mere azeez dost ne mujhe wasiyat ki ke mai witr ada kar ke soya karu'. Yeh hadees us shakhs ke haq me hai  jise (sone ke baad) jaagne ka yakeen nahi hai.” [khatm].

Sharah Sahih Muslim, 3/277.

Hamare sahaba e karaam ne bhi koi ek raasta nahi chuna, jo rasta jinhe behtar laga unhone wo apnaya. Ye khud ek daleel hai ki deen me sakhti nahi hai, balki deen aasaan hai.

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Allah hame tahajjud padhne ki taufeek ata kre. aameen.
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6 Apr 2019

Kya Nabi Ne Allah Ko Dekha Hai | Ayesha ؓ


Masruq (tabayeen) bayaan karte hai ki Mai Ayesha ؓ ki khidmat me tek lagaye hue baitha tha ke Ayesha r.a. ne farmaya, “Abu Ayesha! (yeh masrooq ki kuniyat thi) teen cheeze hai jis ne un me se koi baat kahi, us ne Allah taala par bahut bada bohtan baandha.” Mai ne pucha: 'Woh baate kaun si hai?'

Unhone farmaya, 'Jis ne ye gumaan kiya ke Muhammad ﷺ ne apne Rab ko dekha hai toh us ne Allah taala par bahut bada bohtaan bandha.'

Unhone (Tabayeen ne) kaha, 'Mai tek lagaye hue tha toh (yeh baat sunte hi) seedha ho kar baith gaya aur kaha: 'Ummul momineen! Mujhe (baat karne ka) mauqa dijiye aur jaldi na kijiye, Kya Allah taala ne ye nahi kaha, 'Beshak unhone use roshan kinare par dekha' (Al-Qur'an, Surat at-Takwir, 81:23), ( isi tarha ) 'aur Aap ﷺ ne use ek baar utarte hue dekha (Surat Najm 53:13).'

Ayesha r.a. ne farmaya, 'Mai is ummat me sab se pahli hu jis ne iske baare me RasoolAllah ﷺ se sawal kiya toh Aap ﷺ ne farmaya, 'Woh yaqeenan Jibrail a.s. hai, mai inhe is shakal me, jis me paida kiye gaye, do dafa ke ilawa kabhi nahi dekha, ek dafa maine inhe aasman se utarte dekha, un ke wujud ki badayi ne aasman o zameen ke darmiyaan ki wusat (jagah) ko bhar diya tha'.

Fir ummul momineen ne farmaya, 'Kya tum ne Allah taala ka farmaan nahi suna, 'Aankhe uska idraak (comprehend) nahi kar sakti aur woh aankhon ka idraak karta hai aur woh baarikhi se har cheez ki khabar rakhne wala hai' (Surat al-An`am 6:103).
Aur kya tum ne yeh nahi suna ke Allah taala farmata hai, 'Aur kisi bashar me taakat nahi ke Allah taala us se kalaam farmaye magar wahee ke zarye se ya parde ke piche se ya woh kisi paigham laane wala (farishte) ko bheje toh woh us ke hukm se jo chahe wahi kare, bilashuba woh bohat buland aur hikmat wala hai' (Surat ash-Shura, 42:51).

(Ummul momineen ne) farmaya, 'Jo shakhs ye samjhta hai ke RasoolAllah ﷺ ne Allah taala ki kitab maise kuch chupa liya to usne Allah taala par bahut bada bohtan baandha kyunki Allah taala farmata hai, 'Aye Rasool ﷺ! Pahuncha dijiye jo kuch Aap ke Rab ki taraf se Aap par nazil kiya gaya aur agar (bil farz) Aap ne aisa na kiya toh Aap ne uska paigaam na pohchaya (fariza e risalat ada na kiya)'  (Surat al-Ma'idah, 5:67).

(aur) Unhone farmaya, 'Aur jo shakhs ye kahe ke Aap ﷺ is baat (ilm e gaib) ki khabar de dete hai ke kal kya hoga toh us ne Allah taala par bahut bada jhut baandha, kyunke Allah taala farmata hai, '(Aye Nabi!) farma dijiye! koi ek bhi jo aasmaano aur zameen me hai, gaib nahi janta, siwaye Allah ke' (Surat an-Naml, 27:65).

Sahih Muslim, kitab al eemaan ﴾1﴿, hadith- 439.

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Taqleed Ka Naya Naam


Taqleed yaani kisi ki baat ko aankh band kar ke manna hatta ke us shaks ko uski maani hui baat ke khilaf Quran aur sunnat ki daleel mil chuki ho aur us par wo daleel wazeh ho chuki ho fir bhi wo us daleel ko na maan kar kisi khas shaks ya kisi khas groh ki baat maane. Yahi Taqleed hai.

Aj se kareeban 9-10 saal pahle kaafi log isme mulawwis the, kuch kam ilm ke wajah se aur kuch kisi fayde ya zidd ki wajah se. Fir Alhamdulillah Allah ne apne Deen me naye logo se kaam liya aur kuch naye log kitabullah aur sunnat e Rasool ko lekar aaye aur fir unhone is ummat ko yaad dilaya ki jis insan se Deen ke masle me galti nahi ho sakti wo sirf Allah ka  paigambar hai baaki sab wo kyu na kitne bade aimma ho, ulama ho, muhaddis ho, molvi sahab ho, wo sab ke sab insan hai aur insan ki sifat hai ki wo galtiya karta hai. Inki izzat aur Allah se inka ikhlas hame is baat par majbur nahi karte ki ham inki us baat ko bhi tasleem karle jinme inse galtiya ya kami hui ho. Na hi in ahle ilm ki izzat ko tabah karne ki ijazat hai unki us galti ki wajah se kyuki unhe us galti par bhi 1 ajar milta hai agar unki niyat sach ko janne ki thi.

Haqiqat ye hai ki kuch saalo se is ummat me dobara wahi Taqleed ki bimari aa chuki hai aur khas kar unke andar jo kisi zamane me khud 4 Imam ki taqleed se roka karte the. Lekin is baar bas unhone taqleed ka naam badal diya hai taaki koi un par ilzam na laga sake. Ho sakta hai ki ye ilm ki kami ke wajah se ho, ye bhi ho sakta hai ki ye kisi khas shaks ki izzat/ahtaraa/muhabbat/ilm ke wajah se ho, niyat ka muamla ham Allah par chorte hai. Lekin kisi bhi surat me ye galti hi rahegi. Aur jaise ki mai kah raha tha ki unhone taqleed ka naam badal diya hai aur ye naye naam rakh diye hai:

1. Kya Ap ulema se zyada jante ho?
2. Ye itne bade ulema hai, inse kaise galti ho sakti hai?
3. Ye saare ulema kaise ek sath galat ho sakte hai?
4. Ulema ambiya ke waris hote hai!
5. Ulema se puch puch kar chalo!
6. Kya ulema ko ye ayat/hadees nahi malum thi?
7. Ulema dur ki nigaah rakhte hai!
8. Ulema se duri deen se duri hai!
9. Ulema se duri gumrahi hai!

Toh ye Taqleed ko inhone ye saare naam de diye hai lekin masala wahi hai ki jab unhe Allah ki kitab ya sunnat se koi baat batayi jaati hai toh wo apne ulema ke qawl/fatwe ke aage us ayat/sunnat ko tasleem nahi karte hai aur upar diye gaye bahane banate hai. Yahi toh Taqleed hai, agar ye taqleed nahi toh fir Taqleed hai kya? Jab 4 Imam ki baat ko Quran aur sunnat ki roshni me dekhi jayegi jo ki behtareen zamane ke the, wo tabe-tabayeen the, yaani salaf maise the fir aj ke ulema ki baat ko Quran aur sunnat ki roshni me kyu nahi dekha jayega? Hamne kalima Allah aur Rasool ka padha hai ya kisi alim ka?
Ek taraf toh ye kaha jata hai ki aj ke ulema ki raaye se behtar salaf ki raaye hai dusri taraf 4 Imam (salaf) ki taqleed se roka jata hai aur khud aj ke ulema ki taqleed ki jaati hai.

Aur hamare muashre me ek galat-fehmi ye hoti hai, khas taur par taqleedi zahen rakhne walo me, ye samjha jata hai ki Ulema se duri deen se duri aur gumrahi hai. Halanki is baat ka zikr na toh Allah ki kitab me hai aur na hi sunnat me. Ye sifat Allah ki kitab aur Rasool ki sunnat ki hai, jinhe inlogo ne kam-ilmi aur taqleedi zaheniyat ke tahat Ulema ko de diya hai. Allah ki kitab se duri gumrahi aur deen se duri hai, Rasool ki sunnat se duri deen se duri aur gumrahi hai. 

۩ Malik ibn Anas r.a. riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya, “Maine tumhare darmiyaan do (2) chize chhodi hai jo tumhe kabhi gumrah nahi karegi jab tak tum in do chizo ko pakde rahoge: Allah ki kitab aur Nabi ki sunnat.”

Muwaṭṭa Imam Malik, hadith-  1661. Ise Ibn Abdul Barr ne sahih karaar diya hai.

Agar yahi maan liya jaye ki ulema se duri deen se duri hai toh fir ek shia zindagi bhar shia rahe aur ek barelwi zindagi bhar barelwi aqeede par hi rahe kyuki unke yaha bhi ulema hote hai. Ek galat aqide wala shaks apne ulema ki baato ko chor kar hi kitab wa sunnat ke taraf aata hai. Agar wo apne ulema ki duri deen ki duri aur gumrahi maan lein fir kyu kar wo haq ki talash kare Allah ki kitab aur sunnat me, kyuki wo toh pahle hi apne ulema ki baate sunta aur manta hai aur use haq samajhta hai. 

Aur is article ka iradah ulema ki tauheen nahi hai nauzbillah, jab ki ulema e haq ke pairo ki dhool hamare aankho ka surma hai alhamdulillah.
Is article ka maksad ye batana hai ki aankh band kar ke sirf Allah aur uske Rasool ki baat maani jaye, ye haq sirf Allah ka hai aur uske Rasool ka baaki ye haq kisi ka nahi hai chahe wo kitna bada alim ho.

۩ Allah farmate hai,

Aye eeman walo! Allah ki itaat karo aur Rasool ki itaat karo aur unlogo ki itaat karo jo tum mein ikhtiyar wale (ulema, imam wagaira) hai. Aur (tumhare bich) agar kisi cheez me ikhtilaf ho jaye to use lautao Allah ki taraf aur Rasool ki taraf agar tumhe Allah par aur qayamat ke din par eeman hai. Yeh boht behtar hai aur anjaam ke aetbaar se boht acha hai.

Surah Nisa, ayat-59.

۩ Salim bin Abdullah r.a. ne bayan kiya ki unhone Ahle Shaam mai se ek shaks se suna, wo Abdullah bin Umar r.a. se Hajj me Umra se fayda (Hajj e Tamattu) ke bareme puch raha tha. Toh Abdullah bin Umar r.a. ne kaha, "Ye jayz hai". Is par Shaami (sham ka rahne wala) ne kaha, " (Lekin) Apke ke walid (Umar r.a.) ne to isse roka hai?

Abdullah ibn Umar ne kaha, "Zara tum ye batao, agar mere walid kisi chiz se roke aur RasoolAllah ﷺ ne use kiya ho toh mere walid ke hukm ki pairwi ki jayegi ya RasoolAllah ﷺ ki, toh usne kaha, "RasoolAllah ﷺ ke hukm ki", toh unhone kaha, "RasoolAllah ﷺ ne aesa kiya hai".

Jamia Tirmizi, kitab al hajj, hadith-824. Is hadees ko Imam Tirmizi ne hasan saheeh karaar diya hai.

۩ Imam Malik r.h. Rasool ﷺ ki kabr ke taraf hath se ishara kar ke farmaya karte the ke Is sahib e kabr (RasoolAllah) ke alawa kisi ki baat aesi nahi jisse ikhtilaf na kiya jaa sake.

Silsila ahadees as saheeha, jild 1, safa-258. [scan]

۩ Imam Shafi farmate hai,

“Agar mai kuch kahta hu toh use Allah ki kitab ki roshni me dekho, Rasool ki sunnat ki roshni me dekho. Agar (meri baat) uske mutabik hai toh qubul kar lo aur jo uske khilaf jaye toh use qubul mat karo aur use deewar par de maaro.”

Imam Nawawi ki Al Majmu, 1/63.

۩ Imam Ibn ul Qayyim (d. 751 H.) ne farmaya: 

“Islam ke Ulema ki fazeelat, unke mukhtalif darje aur unki salahiyate aur unke hukuk ko jaano (ye zaruri hai).
(Ye bhi janne ki zarurat hai) ki unke Ilm aur unki fazeelat aur Allah aur uske Rasool ﷺ se inki ikhlas hame iska paband nai karti ki jo wo kahte hai ham unki har baat ko qubul karle, ya fir unke fatwe ki galti ko qubul karle un masaail me jinme (Quran aur sunnat) ki ibarat un tak na pohchi ho, is liye unke ilm ke mutabik unko jo sahih laga unhone wo kaha, halanki haqiqat kuch aur thi.”

I’laam-ul-Muwaqqi’een (jild- 3, safa- 295).

۩
 Allaamah Abdur-Rahmaan Bin Yahyah Al-Mu’allimee r.h. kahte hai,

“Aur ye baat jaan lo ki Allah kuch mukhlis (sincere) logo se galtiya karwata hai dusre logo ke imtehan ke liye ki wo (log) haqiqat ko manenge aur us (mukhlis) shaks ki baat ko chor denge ya fir us nek shaks ki neki aur uske muqam se dhoka kha jayenge. Wo (nek shaks) apni galti par sirf muaf hi nahi kar diya jata hai balki use is ijtihad ke liye aur nek niyat ke wajah se sawab bhi milta hai aur na hi us (alim) ke rutbe ya izzat me koi kami hoti hai. Albatta jo shaks us (alim) ke rutbe ke dhoke me aakar unki pairwi karta hai bina Allah ki kitab aur RasoolAllah ﷺ ki sunnat ke asal dalail ke taraf mutawajje hue bagair, uske liye muafi nahi hai balki wo ek bade khatre (danger) par hai.”

Raf’ul Ish-tibaah, page 152-153. [download arabic pdf]

Toh isi liye mere ilm ke nazdeek Musalman hone ka matlab yahi hai ki jab kitab wa sunnat ka taqraar kisi ahle ilm ke qawl se ho toh kitab o sunnat ko apnaya jaye aur qawl ko chor diya jaye, yahi hamara Deen hai aur yahi hamara mazhab hai.

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Allah se dua hai ki wo hame Allah aur uske Rasool ke hukm ko harf e aakhir manne ki taufeeq ata kare. aameen.
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3 Apr 2019

Ek Khushbu Bechne wala Aur Ek Lohaar

en  -
Abu Musa r.a. riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ﷺ ne farmaya, 

'Nek saathi (companion) aur bure saathi ki misaal Mushk (khushbu) bechne wale aur Lohaar jaisi hai. Mushk bechne wale ke paas se tum do achhaiyo me se ek na ek zarur pa loge, ya toh mushk hi khareed loge warna kam az kam is ki khusbhoo toh zarur hi pa sakoge.
Lekin lohaar ki bhatti ya tumahre badan aur kapre ko jhalsa degi warna badbu toh isse tum zarur pa loge.'

Sahih al Bukhari, kitab al buyu ﴾34﴿, hadith- 2101.

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